[ad name=”AD_INBETWEEN_POST”] Welcome to the Part 3 of Spring 3.0 MVC Series. In previous article we created a Hello World application in Spring MVC. We leaned how to configure Spring MVC in web.xml and how to use different annotations like @Controller, @RequestMapping etc. In this article let us see how to handle forms in Spring 3.0 MVC.
We will use the framework that we created in previous article as a base reference and add up the functionality of form in it. Also the application that we create will be a Contact Manager application.
Related:Spring 3 MVC: Multiple Row Form Submit using List of Beans
Our goal is to create basic Contact Manager application. This app will have a form to take contact details from user. For now we will just print the details in logs. We will learn how to capture the form data in Spring 3 MVC.
Let us add the contact form to our Spring 3 MVC Hello World application. Open the index.jsp file and change it to following:
The above code will just redirect the user to contacts.html page.
The View- contact.jsp
Create a JSP file that will display Contact form to our users.
Here in above JSP, we have displayed a form. Note that the form is getting submitted to addContact.html page.
Adding Form and Controller in Spring 3
We will now add the logic in Spring 3 to display the form and fetch the values from it. For that we will create two java files. First the Contact.java which is nothing but the form to display/retrieve data from screen and second the ContactController.java which is the spring controller class.
private String firstname;
private String lastname;
private String email;
private String telephone;
//.. getter and setter for all above fields.
The above file is the contact form which holds the data from screen. Note that I haven’t showed the getter and setter methods. You can generate these methods by pressiong Alt + Shift + S, R.
In above controller class, note that we have created two methods with Request Mapping /contacts and /addContact. The method showContacts() will be called when user request for a url contacts.html. This method will render a model with name “contact”. Note that in the ModelAndView object we have passed a blank Contact object with name “command”. The spring framework expects an object with name command if you are using <form:form> in your JSP file.
Also note that in method addContact() we have annotated this method with RequestMapping and passed an attribute method=”RequestMethod.POST”. Thus the method will be called only when user generates a POST method request to the url /addContact.html. We have annotated the argument Contact with annotation @ModelAttribute. This will binds the data from request to the object Contact. In this method we just have printed values of Firstname and Lastname and redirected the view to cotnacts.html.
That’s all folks
The form is completed now. Just run the application in eclipse by pression Alt + Shift + X, R. It will show the contact form. Just enter view values and press Add button. Once you press the button, it will print the firstname and lastname in sysout logs.
In this article we learn how to create a form using Spring 3 MVC and display it in JSP. Also we learn how to retrieve the form values using ModelAttribute annotation. In next section we will go through form validations and different data conversion methods in Spring 3 MVC.
Related:Spring 3 MVC Multiple Row Form Submit example