Creating Dynamic Web Project using Maven in Eclipse

[ad name=”AD_INBETWEEN_POST”] While using Maven as build tool in our project, I found it very difficult to create a Dynamic Web Project which supports Maven dependencies and can execute in Eclipse! I have seen lot of people using Maven just as build tool and for local setup uses jar files in some /lib directory. I wanted to remove this dependencies on local /lib for jar files and resolve everything with Maven. My project should be a Dynamic web project with Maven dependencies enabled. Here is a simple tutorial which you can go through to create Dynamic Web Project having Maven enabled in Eclipse. This project can be used as base project and can be easily converted to most kind of project like Struts based, Spring MVC based etc.

Required Tools

For this tutorial, I assume you have following setup in your machine. 1. JDK 1.5 or above (download) 2. Eclipse 3.2 or above (download) 3. Maven 2.0 or above (download) 4. M2Eclipse Plugin (download)

Step 1: Create Maven Project in Eclipse

Create a new project in Eclipse. Goto File > New > Project.. and select Maven Project from the list. Click Next. eclipse-maven-new-project Enter “MavenWeb” as Project name and click Next. On Configuration screen, select war in Packaging and also check the checkbox for src/main/webapp. new-maven-project Once done, click Finish. This will create a Maven project in Eclipse.

Step 2: Generate Eclipse Project with WTP

Let us convert the Maven project to Dynamic Web Project for Eclipse. For this we will use following maven command.
mvn eclipse:eclipse -Dwtpversion=1.5
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)
Goto the folder where the new project is created and execute above command.
C:\Workspace\Test\MavenWeb>mvn eclipse:eclipse -Dwtpversion=1.5

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO] Searching repository for plugin with prefix: 'eclipse'.
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Unnamed - MavenWeb:MavenWeb:war:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
[INFO]    task-segment: [eclipse:eclipse]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Preparing eclipse:eclipse
[INFO] No goals needed for project - skipping
[INFO] [eclipse:eclipse]
[INFO] Adding support for WTP version 1.5.
[INFO] Using Eclipse Workspace: C:\Workspace\Test
[INFO] no substring wtp server match.
[INFO] Using as WTP server : Apache Tomcat v5.5
[INFO] Adding default classpath container: org.eclipse.jdt.launching.JRE_CONTAINER
[INFO] Not writing settings - defaults suffice
[INFO] Wrote Eclipse project for "MavenWeb" to C:\Workspace\Test\MavenWeb.
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 4 seconds
[INFO] Finished at: Wed Jul 28 13:55:09 CEST 2010
[INFO] Final Memory: 7M/30M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
That’s it. We just created Dynamic Web Project from Maven project. Now refresh the project in Eclipse.

Step 3: Change Project Facet

The above step by default set the project facet to JDK 1.4. We need to modify this and set project facet to JDK 5. Right click on MavenWeb project and select Properties (shortcut: Alt+Enter). From the Properties dialog box, select Project Facets. Now click on “Modify Project…” button and change the project facet to Java 5.0 project-facet-maven-eclipse

Step 4: Setting Build Path

We need to specify the Maven jar dependencies in Java Build Path of our MavenWeb project. Open Properties.. dialog box (Alt+Enter) and select Java Build Path. Click “Add Library..” button and select “Maven Managed Dependencies” and click Finish. maven-eclipse-build-path

Step 5: Hello World Servlet

Our dynamic web project with maven support is done now. Let us add a small Hello World servlet to this project and see how it works. Open pom.xml from root folder and copy following content into it. File: pom.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion> <groupId>MavenWeb</groupId> <artifactId>MavenWeb</artifactId> <packaging>war</packaging> <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version> <description></description> <build> <plugins> <plugin> <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId> <configuration> <source>1.5</source> <target>1.5</target> </configuration> </plugin> <plugin> <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId> <version>2.0</version> </plugin> </plugins> </build> <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId> <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId> <version>2.5</version> </dependency> </dependencies> </project>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)
Also create a servlet file We will add this servlet in net.viralpatel.maven package. File: /src/main/java/net/viralpatel/maven/
package net.viralpatel.maven; import; import; import javax.servlet.ServletException; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; public class HelloWorldServlet extends HttpServlet { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1031422249396784970L; public void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException { resp.setContentType("text/html"); PrintWriter out = resp.getWriter(); out.print("Hello World from Servlet"); out.flush(); out.close(); } }
Code language: Java (java)
Once the servlet is created, let us configure this in web.xml. Note that in our maven project no web.xml is present. We will create one at /src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/ location. File: /src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app xmlns:xsi="" xmlns="" xmlns:web="" xsi:schemaLocation="" id="WebApp_ID" version="2.5"> <display-name>HelloWorldServlet</display-name> <welcome-file-list> <welcome-file>hello-world</welcome-file> </welcome-file-list> <servlet> <servlet-name>HelloWorldServlet</servlet-name> <servlet-class> net.viralpatel.maven.HelloWorldServlet </servlet-class> <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup> </servlet> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>HelloWorldServlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/hello-world</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> </web-app>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

That’s All Folks

Our dynamic web project with Maven support in Eclipse is completed. Run the web project in eclipse (Alt+Shirt+X, R) hello-world-maven-eclipse-web-project

Download Source

Click here to download the source code (7.0 kb)
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  1. All you had to do is to install “Maven Integration for WTP”.

  2. Some time ago I created a similar post on how to create dynamic web project with Eclipse 3.5. See The project can be downloaded here:

    Recently I found out that with Eclipse 3.6 and m2eclipse you could use webapp-jee5 archetype that works perfectly with WTP and Eclipse 3.6. Of course, Maven integration for WTP is required (available via m2eclipse extras update site)

  3. Allaeas says:

    thanks for sharing ;)

  4. Jack says:

    Thanks for sharing :) Really amazing !

  5. springMvcBeginner says:

    how can I configure Eclipse 3.2, Maven 2.0, and M2Eclipse Plugin together? sorry im just beginner. thanks.

  6. springMvcBeginner says:

    and how to integrate it to spring mvc3 framework?

  7. DUD3 says:

    For integrating maven + eclipse you need to download and install the m2eclipse plugin from your Eclipse IDE (help -> update software, or eclipse marketplace). AND you HAVE TO download the Maven from the link provided in the beginning of this tutorial – Required software – 3. Maven 2.0 or above. Once you have it, scroll down the maven download page and check installation instructions for you system. That should all work together.

  8. KADDOURI Kamal says:

    thanks for your tutorial, but I want to notice that the version of hibernate-entitymanager is not well as far to lanch example, so to resolve this, I replace this :


    by this :


  9. Alex says:


    First of all i want to thank you I’ve learned a lot.

    Can you please help me with this
    Error creating bean with name ‘sessionFactory’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is class path resource [hibernate.cfg.xml] cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist

  10. Kurt Junshean Espinosa says:

    Thank you my friend for writing this tutorial! Very very helpful.

  11. Sachin says:

    Thanks..Its helpful…

  12. Vikrant says:

    Thanks it was really helpful

  13. KRGancheva says:

    That’s one really useful and easy to follow tutorial. Thanks a lot for making it!

  14. Adnan Saadeddin says:

    Thanks man, great tutorial. :D

  15. ram ganesh says:

    Really very helpful…..:) :) :)

  16. omg says:

    HTTP Status 404 – Servlet HelloWorldServlet is not available

  17. siva says:

    Very useful article.Thanks for sharing

  18. Rafa says:

    Thank you. It’s awesome.

  19. alvaro says:

    Thanks very much man, but I have some question, When I compile the project its say:

    no web.xml present

    How can i solve it?

    Thanks :D

  20. sridhar says:

    sir i want how create my-eclipse basic strut plz send me mail id

  21. DUD3 Student says:

    How to get The Maven dependencies(the lib u are adding above) and what it will do. please guide me

  22. Adrien says:

    A quick update (2012):

    Creating Dynamic Web Project using Maven in Eclipse Indigo Service Release 2 (Build id: 20120216-1857)

    1. Tools I had during this config
    Note: depending on what version of Eclipse and/or M2E plugin you have, these steps may change
    a. JDK 1.7
    b. Eclipse, Version: Indigo Service Release 2, Build id: 20120216-1857
    c. Maven 3
    d. M2E Plugin installed

    2. Create a new project in Eclipse
    File > New > Project.. and select Maven Project from the list (webapp-javaee6). Click Next.
    Enter “com.maveneclipseweb.test” as GroupId, ArtifactId “MavenEclipseWeb”, & Package “com.maveneclipseweb.test”. Click Finish.

    3. Change Project Facet
    From the Properties dialog box, select Project Facets. Now click on “Convert to Faceted form..” button.
    Then tick Dynamic Web Module, below click on the box saying “Further configuration available” & put in Content directory “/src/main/webapp”.
    Click on OK.

    5. Modify the index.jsp
    Add some custom text so you can verify this is your web app…

    6. Run the Web App on Tomcat through Eclipse
    In Eclipse, Window >> Show View >> Servers
    Note: we assumed you have downloaded & installed Tomcat here
    Option 1: If there is no server, Click right anywhere in that window >> New >> Server >> Tomcat 7.0 >> Next, then Select your project >> Add >> Finish
    Option 2: If there is already a server, Click right >> Add/Remove, then Select your project >> Add >> Finish
    Finally, Click right >> Start

    7. Check this is working in your browser
    Go to http://localhost:8080/MavenEclipseWeb/
    You should see the custom text you entered earlier in your index.jsp page

    • hamsika says:


      I am using Rational Application Developer 8 and I have followed the above steps and able to convert the Dynamic Web Project from Maven project. But I am not able to add created ear file to Web Sphere Application server. If possible could you please tell me the process.


  23. Bharat says:

    Hi Viral,

    I am new to Maven, can you plz share a web project build in struts 1.2 using Maven.

    I tried the above proj and it works fine for me but I am not able to convert it into struts 1.2 flow.


  24. charu agarwal says:

    i am getting Error in custom provider, java.lang.TypeNotPresentException: Type javax.enterprise.inject.Typed not present
    pls help me…..thanks in advance

  25. Jitendra says:

    Thanks. It worked for me.
    Do you know for, how to publish automatically for ear deployment for a Maven project.

  26. Many thans for you. Good article :)

  27. Amol Pacharne says:

    Thanks man ! it really helpful !

  28. Ravindra says:

    Getting the below error: any help will be appreciated.
    Description Resource Path Location Type
    Could not calculate build plan: Missing:
    1) org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-resources-plugin:maven-plugin:2.4.1

    Try downloading the file manually from the project website.

    Then, install it using the command:
    mvn install:install-file -DgroupId=org.apache.maven.plugins -DartifactId=maven-resources-plugin -Dversion=2.4.1 -Dpackaging=maven-plugin -Dfile=/path/to/file

    Alternatively, if you host your own repository you can deploy the file there:
    mvn deploy:deploy-file -DgroupId=org.apache.maven.plugins -DartifactId=maven-resources-plugin -Dversion=2.4.1 -Dpackaging=maven-plugin -Dfile=/path/to/file -Durl=[url] -DrepositoryId=[id]

    1 required artifact is missing.

    for artifact:

    from the specified remote repositories:
    central (, releases=true, snapshots=false)
    MavenWeb Unknown Maven Problem

  29. Chetan Phanse says:

    Can we have the Change Project Facet step automated though pom file or maven command directly?

  30. Dilan says:

    Can you please explain how to add the libraries wanted and required jars for this application.

    • Dilan says:

      I meant that spring and hibernate jars.

  31. Shiva says:

    I deployed the project in Tomcat 6.0 and getting below error

    Throwable occurred: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: net.viralpatel.maven.HelloWorldServlet

    I found that class file is getting created in target folder, but seems server is trying to locate in WEB-INF/classes folder. Any suggestions if am missing out something.

  32. nagarjun says:

    Hi i am trying to download the m2eclipse . i logged in sonatype but it shows a message

    “You do not have access to this page. Please contact the account owner of this Zendesk for further help.”

    why i am getting this message..

  33. Raju says:

    Thank you!!!!!!!

  34. rajeev says:

    What you have used vesions are quite old……….but still it is helpfull.If you will upgrade the versions like working with eclipse kepler is different then this bcoz plugin is already there , and some of the different things we have to do..

  35. This was very helpful.thank you.

  36. Viral says:

    I feel the article is quite incomplete, however helpful till some extent for theoretic knowledge.

  37. David says:


    I’m trying to use this example.

    My requeriments is to use tomcat 5.0.18 and jdk1.5_11, so I have been testing your example.

    Right now I’m using Eclipse Juno Service Release 2.

    Everythings ok until I try to run on server. If I select tomcat 5.0 or tomcat 5.5 everything is unselected, but with tomcat 6.0 and above everythings ok.

    Is there something in the configuration files which prevent to use this servers?

    Thanks for your tutorials.

  38. manjunath says:

    Dear All,

    This is manjunath, i took SRC folder, i am getting an error message as below
    maven-war-plugin prior to 2.0.1 is not supported by m2e-wtp. Use maven-war-plugin version 2.0.1 or later

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